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Tightening Regulations And Raising Standards In UK Marketing Communications: The New ABPI Code Of Practice ( 2008 ) Explained

Tightening Regulations And Raising Standards In UK Marketing Communications: The New ABPI Code Of Practice ( 2008 ) Explained Understanding Lorazepam. Shipping options for Lorazepam Tablets for cancel unintended pregnancygeocities mirror

Understanding Lorazepam.

Lorazepam: uses

Lorazepam is used to treat anxiety. Lorazepam belongs to a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines which act on brain and nerves ( central nervous system ) to produce a calming effect. Lorazepam works by enhancing effects of a certain natural chemical in body ( GABA ) .

Lorazepam: how to use

Do not swallow whole. Place tablet under tongue. It'll dissolve in about 20 seconds. Wait at least 2 minutes before swallowing to make sure all drug is absorbed.

Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. If directed by your doctor, use Lorazepam regularly in order to get most benefit from it. To help we remember, use it at the same time ( s ) each day.

Lorazepam may cause dependence, especially if it has been used regularly for an extended time ( more than 1-4 weeks ) , if it has been used in high doses, or if you have a history of alcoholism, drug abuse, or personality disorder. In such cases, if we suddenly stop Lorazepam, withdrawal reactions may occur while use Lorazepam. Such reactions can include seizures, trouble sleeping, mental/mood changes, increased reactions to noise/touch/light, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, stomach pain, hallucinations, numbness/tingling of arms and legs, muscle pain, fast heartbeat, short-term memory loss, and very high fever. Report any such reactions to your doctor immediately. When stopping extended, regular treatment with Lorazepam, gradually reducing dosage as directed will help prevent withdrawal reactions. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

Though it is very unlikely to occur, Lorazepam can also result in abnormal drug-seeking behavior ( addiction/habit forming ) . Don't increase your dose, take it more frequently, or use it for a longer time than prescribed. Properly stop medication when so directed. This will lessen chances of becoming addicted.

Don't suddenly stop using Lorazepam without your doctor's approval. Some conditions may become worse when the drug is abruptly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually decreased.

When used for an extended time, Lorazepam may not work as well and may require different dosing. Talk with your doctor if this medication stops working well. Don't increase your dose without first talking to your doctor.

Inform your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.

Lorazepam: other used

This section contains uses of Lorazepam that aren't listed in the approved professional labeling for drug but that may be prescribed by your health care professional. Use Lorazepam for a condition that is listed in this section only if it has been so prescribed by your health care professional.

If directed by your doctor, Lorazepam may also be used to reduce the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal, to prevent nausea and vomiting due to chemotherapy, and for sleeping trouble ( insomnia ) .

Lorazepam: side effects

Drowsiness, dizziness, loss of coordination, headache, nausea, blurred vision, change in sexual interest/ability, hair loss, constipation, heartburn, or change in appetite may occur while use Lorazepam. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed Lorazepam because he or she has judged that benefit to we is greater than risk of side effects. Many people using Lorazepam don't have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur:

A very serious allergic reaction to Lorazepam is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may include:

This isn't a complete list of possible side effects. If we notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Lorazepam: precautions

Before taking Lorazepam, tell your doctor or pharmacist if we are allergic to it; or to other benzodiazepines ( e. g. , diazepam, alprazolam, clonazepam ) ; or if we have any other allergies.

Lorazepam shouldn't be used if we have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if we have:

Before using Lorazepam, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of:

Lorazepam may make we dizzy or drowsy or cause blurred vision; use caution engaging in activities requiring alertness or clear vision such as driving or using machinery. Avoid alcoholic beverages.

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are using Lorazepam.

The elderly may be more sensitive to the effects of this drug, especially drowsiness and unsteadiness. Also, the elderly mayn't experience relief of anxiety with Lorazepam. It may have opposite effect on elderly, causing mental/mood changes, sleeping problems, increase in sexual interest, or hallucinations.

Children may not experience relief of anxiety with Lorazepam. It may have opposite effect on children, causing agitation, shaking, or hallucinations.

Lorazepam isn't recommended for use during pregnancy. It may harm an unborn baby. Infants born to mothers who took this drug during last weeks before delivery have had withdrawal symptoms, including unusual drowsiness, slowed breathing, and feeding problems. Consult your doctor for more details

Lorazepam passes into breast milk and could have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Breast-feeding isn't recommended while using Lorazepam. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Lorazepam: interactions

Your healthcare professionals ( e. g. , doctor or pharmacist ) may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring we for it. Do not start, stop or change dosage of any medicine before checking with them first.

Lorazepam shouldn't be used with following medication because a very serious interactions may occur while use Lorazepam:

If we are currently using Lorazepam listed above, tell your doctor or pharmacist before starting Lorazepam.

Before using Lorazepam, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use, especially of:

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if we also take drugs that cause drowsiness such as: certain antihistamines ( e. g. , diphenhydramine ) , anti-seizure drugs ( e. g. , carbamazepine ) , medicine for sleep or anxiety ( e. g. , alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem ) , muscle relaxants, narcotic pain relievers ( e. g. , codeine ) , psychiatric medicines ( e. g. , chlorpromazine, risperidone, amitriptyline, trazodone ) .

Check labels on all your medicines ( e. g. , cough-and-cold products ) because they may contain drowsiness-causing ingredients. Ask your pharmacist about the safe use of those products.

This document does not contain all possible interactions. Therefore, before using Lorazepam, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products we use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share list with your doctor and pharmacist.

Lorazepam: overdose

If overdose of Lorazepam is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US national poison hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents should call their local poison control center directly. Symptoms of overdose may include confusion, slow reflexes, clumsiness, deep sleep, and loss of consciousness.

Lorazepam: notes

Lifestyle changes such as starting a stress reduction program may increase effectiveness of this medicine. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about lifestyle changes that might benefit you.

Do not share Lorazepam with others. It's against law.

Laboratory and/or medical tests ( e. g. , blood counts, liver function tests ) should be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

Lorazepam: missed dose

If you miss a dose Lorazepam and are taking more than 1 dose daily, don't take it if it's almost time for next dose. Instead, skip missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Don't double dose of Lorazepam to catch up. If you take it once daily at bedtime and miss a dose, don't take it following morning. Call your doctor to find out what to do.

Lorazepam: storage

Store Lorazepam at room temperature between 59-86 degrees F ( 15-30 degrees C ) away from heat, light and moisture. Don't store Lorazepam in the bathroom. Keep this and all medicines away children and pets.

Properly discard Lorazepam when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Shipping options for Lorazepam

Tightening Regulations And Raising Standards In UK Marketing Communications: The New ABPI Code Of Practice ( 2008 ) Explained

Tightening Regulations And Raising Standards In UK Marketing Communications: The New ABPI Code Of Practice ( 2008 ) Explained Understanding Lorazepam. Shipping options for Lorazepam Tablets for cancel unintended pregnancygeocities mirror

KeywordPharma Expert Reviews are FREELY available to download and pass on thanks to support from relevant sponsors. Our brand new title, just published today, Tightening Regulations and Raising Standards in UK Marketing Communications: new ABPI Code of Practice ( 2008 ) explained, has been sponsored by Wolters Kluwer and is described below. It will be relevant to many people outside UK as an example of how the recent EFPIA guidelines are being implemented at national level.

Tightening Regulations and Raising Standards in UK Marketing Communications: new ABPI Code of Practice ( 2008 ) explained. Written by Steven Gray.

Executive Summary:

In the 50th year of Association of British Pharmaceutical Industry ( ABPI ) Code of Practice, a new edition becomes effective on 1 July 2008. Whilst revisions it contains are largely the direct requirements of 2007 European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations ( EFPIA ) Code, UK still manages to introduce some unique considerations.

Changes to code reflect an overall objective to increase transparency in interactions between pharma and its stakeholders. Significantly, there's a clear shift of emphasis towards regulating industry communications with a broader range of stakeholders - the code no longer simply governs promotion to healthcare professionals ( HCPs ) , but also looks at interactions with them.

The 2008 revisions are designed to tighten controls and, in process, further improve the standards of pharmaceutical marketing communications in the UK. Areas such as donations to institutions and how industry, in particular its representatives, engages services of HCPs have been scrutinised, and this has led to new clauses and additional controls.

The new code will bring new challenges in implementation for pharma companies throughout UK. This Expert Review, Tightening Regulations and Raising Standards in UK Marketing Communications, provides a clause-by-clause summary of major revisions to ABPI Code of Practice, and how these may impact industry interactions with its stakeholders. It also reviews aspects of code that may be open to interpretation, and offers advice where scope for flexibility still remains.

This review also includes a brief summary of revisions to constitution of Prescription Medicines Code of Practice Authority ( PMCPA ) , which administers code on behalf of the ABPI, and it is procedures for managing complaints when breaches of code have been alleged.


• About author • Introduction • The need for change • The 2008 ABPI Code of Practice: what is new? • Conclusion • References

About Author:

Steven Gray is a specialist in healthcare sales and marketing compliance. With a strong background in sales, marketing and compliance, Steven aims to help companies implement various industry compliance regulations in a manner that enhances their business, rather than limiting their objectives. In addition to delivering customised in-house training, Steven Gray Consulting Limited supplies a range of materials to support training managers and compliance officers run their own courses. In addition, the company provides template policies for key business areas including meetings, sponsorship and patient group interactions.

About KeywordPharma publications

Written by pharmaceutical industry specialists, KeywordPharma publications are designed to be authoritative, relevant, succinct and helpful to pharmaceutical industry executives in their day-to-day work and in their longer term career development. All are available to purchase individually as e-documents, they build into a specialist knowledge library for everyone working in and around the global pharmaceutical industry. See www. keywordpharma. com

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