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THE PENTATEUCH

GENESIS ---EXODUS--- LEVITICUS 1.1-7.38 --- 8.1-11.47 --- 12.1-16.34--- 17.1-27.34--- NUMBERS 1-10--- 11-19--- 20-36--- DEUTERONOMY 1.1-4.44 --- 4.45-11.32 --- 12.1-29.1--- 29.2-34.12 --- THE BOOK OF JOSHUA --- THE BOOK OF JUDGES --- PSALMS 1-17--- ECCLESIASTES --- ISAIAH 1-5 --- 6-12 --- 13-23 --- 24-27 --- 28-35 --- 36-39 --- 40-48 --- 49-55--- 56-66--- EZEKIEL --- DANIEL 1-7 ---DANIEL 8-12 ---

NAHUM--- HABAKKUK---ZEPHANIAH ---ZECHARIAH --- THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW ---THE GOSPEL OF MARK--- THE GOSPEL OF LUKE --- THE GOSPEL OF JOHN --- THE ACTS OF THE APOSTLES --- 1 CORINTHIANS 1-7 --- 8-16 --- 2 CORINTHIANS 1-7 --- 8-13 -- -GALATIANS --- EPHESIANS --- COLOSSIANS --- 1 THESSALONIANS --- 2 THESSALONIANS --- 1 TIMOTHY --- 2 TIMOTHY --- TITUS --- HEBREWS 1-6 --- 7-10 --- 11-13 --- JAMES --- JOHN'S LETTERS --- REVELATION

--- THE GOSPELS

Commentary on Deuteronomy - Part 2.

By Dr Peter Pett BA BD(Hons-London) DD.

Part 1 of the commentary contained the first speech of Moses which proclaimed the recent history of Israel under the hand of Yahweh, demonstrating why they had reason to be grateful to Him, and finishing with a reminder of how gloriously and fearsomely the covenant had been given and an exhortation to keep the covenant requirements and remember Who had given them. From 4.44 to 29.1 this is followed by the central renewal of the covenant in Moses' second speech, commencing with a renewed description of the giving of the covenant (chapter 5), followed by the basic principles lying behind the covenant (5-11), more detailed regulations (12-26), the requirement that the covenant be recorded in writing at Shechem (where Abraham first built an altar when entering the land and received his first theophany in the land) as confirmed by all the elders (27.1-8), the acknowledgement of it by the priesthood along with Moses as witnesses to it (27.9-10), and the applying to it of curses and blessings (27.11-29.1).

This section of the commentary will cover chapters 5-11, but these chapters must be seen as part of the greater whole to 29.1, as incorporated in the whole book.

The Covenant Stipulations - the Basic Underlying Principles (4.45-11.32).

This introductory section begins the second section of the book which consists mainly of a proclamation of general basic principles related to the fulfilment of the covenant (5-11). This is then followed by a detailed review of the statutes and ordinances which have been spoken of previously, but with special reference to their applicability to the people and mainly ignoring priestly activity (12-26). It is 'popular' Law. In this second section Moses once again makes clear the demands that Yahweh is making on His people as a response to what He has done for them. But he will begin it by repeating, with minor alterations, the covenant made at Horeb, at Mount Sinai. Thus he declares that covenant in chapter 5 almost word for word, although slightly revised in order to bring out new emphases. This is then followed chapter by chapter by the requirements that Yahweh is laying on them as a response to His covenant love. In 6-11 he first deals with the basic principles involved, and then in 12-26 moves on to the specific detailed requirements. This is a pattern typical of ancient treaty covenants.

Central to all the chapters are the ideas of how they must obey His commandment, His statutes and His ordinances that He might bless them in all they do (5.1, 29, 31-33; 6.1-3, 6-8, 17-18, 24-25; 7.11-12; 8.1, 6, 11; 10.13; 11.1, 8, 13, 22, 27, 32); of how the reason that they are being blessed is not for their own sakes, but because of their fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (6.10, 18; 7.8, 13; 8.1, 18; 9.5, 27; 10.15; 11.9); of how they must remember Yahweh their God Who has mightily delivered them from Egypt (5.6, 15; 6.12, 21-23; 7.8, 15, 18; 8.14; 9.26); of how He is bringing them into a good and prosperous land where they will enjoy great blessings (6.10-11, 18; 7.13-16; 8.7-10, 12-13; 11.10-12, 14-15), and of how they must then beware of turning to false gods and false religion once they enter the land, and must rather totally destroy them (5.8-9; 6.14-15; 7.4-5, 25-26; 8.19; 9.12, 16; 11.16, 28).

These are the general emphases, but each chapter also has a particular emphasis.