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wasseraktuell – inflight report

05.06.2008   World Environment Day

… und 19.05.08 4UN-Naturschutzkonferenz in Bonn




... nächster Newsletter voraussichtlich nicht vor ENDE Juni ...




05. bis 27. Juni 2008 im Rathaus Hamburg-Altona

„Kunst verändert die Einstellung gegenüber der Umwelt“

Das internationale Ausstellungsprojekt, das zur Zeit im UN-Hauptquartier in New York zu sehen ist, auch auf der Ausstellung „Fotokunst der Arabischen Welt“ der Arab Union of Photographers e.V. im Rahmen des interkulturellen Festivals „10. Altonale – Kunstaltonale“





California governor declares state in drought

Jun 4, 2008 - After two years of below-average rainfall in California, Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger declared a statewide drought ... The proclamation in an executive order allows water officials to more rapidly shift water around California, one of the nation's top farm states that also has wilderness areas prone to wildfires. Many California water districts have already imposed restrictions on water use amid dry weather and after a U.S. court aiming to protect a fish species forced the state to pump less water from its San Joaquin-Sacramento River Delta, the state's fresh-water hub …


Wasser als Treibstoff von morgen - Autohersteller forschen nach dem Antrieb der Zukunft

1. Juni 2008 Die deutschen Autobauer stehen mit dem Rücken zur Wand: Die mit jedem Tag lauter geführte Klimadiskussion und die steigenden Benzinpreise haben sie auf dem falschen Fuss erwischt. ... Mercedes werkelt also eilig an der Optimierung eines möglichst sauberen Diesels herum, Porsche will in wenigen Jahren Hybridfahrzeuge präsentierten (wie sie Toyota seit zehn Jahren baut) und BMW fährt einen ganz eigenen Weg: Die Münchner pushen den Wasserstoffantrieb. Die Botschaft, die dort verkündet wurde, lautet: Wasserstoff ist die perfekte Lösung für das Auto der Zukunft. Denn das Grundmaterial für den Treibstoff, Wasser, ist in rauen Mengen vorhanden, und der daraus per Elektrolyse gewonnene Wasserstoff hat, in flüssiger Form bei minus 250 Grad gelagert, eine dreimal bessere Energieeffizienz als fossile Treibstoffe. Alles super also? Nicht ganz. Die Herstellung von Wasserstoff ist derzeit noch viel zu energieintensiv und teuer, der extrem gekühlte und isolierte Tank braucht sehr viel Platz im Auto, und ein Tankstellennetz für solche Autos existiert nicht. Aber es wird auf allen Ebenen geforscht und entwickelt. Mit grossen Solaranlagen wäre die Wasserstoffgewinnung auch ohne den Einsatz konventioneller Energie möglich. Versuchsbetriebe laufen überall, und BMW hat sich mit den wichtigsten davon eng vernetzt, um diese Hürde eines Tages nehmen zu können ...


Down to Earth Editorial: From water to water / Sunita Narain

May  31, 2008   Look out of the window the next time you travel by road or by train anywhere in India. Hit a human settlement, and you will see, heaps of plastic coloured garbage apart, pools of dirty black water and drains that go nowhere. They go nowhere because we have forgotten a basic fact: if there are humans, there will be excreta. Indeed, we have also forgotten another truth about the so-called modern world: if there is water use, there will be waste. Roughly 80 per cent of the water that reaches households flows out as waste. I raise, here, two problems. First, we worry about water and not the waste the water will generate; second, we believe we have a ready solution in the form of (still un-built) sewage treatment plants. Planners worry—excessively, in my opinion—about the water they need to supply to their citizens, but have no clue about the other side of the coin—the waste this water will generate. Sewage, once generated, has to go somewhere. It does—into streams, ponds, lakes and rivers. It goes into the ground, contaminating the same water people use for drinking. It is no surprise surveys of groundwater find higher and higher levels of nitrate contamination—a sure shot sign of contamination by sewage … This is a tragedy; we spin today in a deadly and costly spiral. As surface water or groundwater gets contaminated, the city has no option but to hunt for newer sources of supply ... Fact is we have no way of really estimating the load of sewage in our cities, because of the different ways in which people source water and the different ways in which people dispose sewage … Life is also about re-inventing the cycle of water. Let us understand, therefore, excreta maths: no ashes, no dust, just water to water.


Quick response needed on water - State Legislature must approve pact

May 29, 2008  It's long overdue for our national political leaders to begin telling places like Atlanta, Los Angeles, Phoenix and Las Vegas that they aren't going to be able to keep growing the way they have in the past. Just as limited oil supplies are affecting the way we Americans live, travel and do business, limited water supplies are going to make if difficult -- perhaps impossible -- for those places to support the populations they have now, never mind increasing them …


Krieg um Wasser?

24. Mai 2008   Die lebenswichtige Ressource Wasser wird in immer mehr Weltregionen knapp. Dies birgt enormes Konfliktpotenzial – dennoch sind wegen Wasserknappheit allein keine Kriege zu erwarten. Hingegen könnte Wassermangel in den nächsten Jahrzehnten zu enormen Migrationsströmen führen, die auch die Schweiz betreffen ...


... das hat nur auf den ersten Blick nichts mit Wasser zu tun …bei Golan geht es aber immer um Wasser ... und in den türkisch-syrischen Beziehungen auch ...

Turkey’s peaceful return to the Middle East

26.05.2008    It finally happened. The whole world now knows that the current Israeli-Syrian peace effort taking place in İstanbul was born in Ankara in February of last year during a meeting between Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. In fact Turkey has been offering to act as a mediator between the two hostile neighbors since 2004 ... It is time for Washington to realize that Turkey's long-term effort to de-isolate Syria and work for peace in the Middle East deserves serious support … Olmert would face huge opposition to a major peace treaty with Damascus, especially if such a deal would include giving up the Golan Heights. The Golan has no religious significance for Jews and is home only to 20,000 settlers compared with the 450,000 in the West Bank. But many in Israel still believe in the strategic value of this land. According to the latest polls, two-thirds of Israelis continue to see secession of the Golan as a major risk to national security. A strong Israeli leader might be in a position to convince his own people of the case to give up the Golan, but Olmert is politically weak and looks unable to deliver on a meaningful peace deal. Syria, for its part, has two goals. First, it wants the return of the Golan Heights, captured by Israel in the 1967 war. Second, the regime of Bashar Assad wants a normalization of relations with the United States. Damascus is increasingly unhappy about its isolation from the international community …;jsessionid=B8EEF23703BAE411465CE74B665C393E.node1?haberno=142900


How to Think About the World's Problems

May 22, 2008 … Poor water or sanitation affects more than two billion people and will claim millions of lives this year. One targeted solution would be to build large, multipurpose dams in Africa. Building new dams may not be politically correct, but there are massive differences between the U.S. and Europe – where there are sound environmental arguments to halt the construction of large dams and even to decommission some – and countries like Ethiopia which have no water storage facilities, great variability in rainfall, and where dams could be built with relatively few environmental side effects. A single reservoir located in the scarcely inhabited Blue Nile gorge in Ethiopia would cost a breathtaking $3.3 billion. But it would produce large amounts of desperately needed power for Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt, combat the regional water shortage in times of drought, and expand irrigation. All these benefits would be at least two-and-a-half times as high as the costs …


Suez wins Brazil hydro contract

May 19 2008  A consortium led by Suez, the Franco-Belgian water and energy utility, has won a licence to build and operate the second of two controversial hydro-electric power stations on the River Madeira on the eastern edge of the Brazilian Amazon. The power plants have met stiff opposition from indigenous peoples and environmental groups. A row inside the Brazilian government over delays in granting environmental licences was a reason for the resignation last week of Marina Silva, the former crusading environment minister …







e-journal Water Alternatives will be published three times each year. The inaugural issue has been released on the 1st of June 2008:

- Water, politics and development: Introducing Water Alternatives

- Water, politics and development: Framing a political sociology of water resources management

- A political economy of water in southern Africa

- Water rights arenas in the Andes: Upscaling the defence networks to localise water control

- River-basin politics and the rise of ecological democracy in Southeast Asia and Southern Africa

- Lost in translation: The participatory imperative and local water governance in north Thailand and southwest Germany

- Men, masculinities and water powers in irrigation

- Nirvana concepts, storylines and policy models: Insights from the water sector

- Distilling or diluting? Negotiating the water research-policy interface

- Book Review: Modern myths of the Mekong: A critical review of water and development concepts, principles and policies.


Friedensgutachten 2008

03.06.2008  Vorstellung in der Bundespressekonferenz, Berlin





2. Klimawandel und neue Konfliktrisiken

- Risiken des Klimawandels

- Der konfliktträchtige Klimawandel – Ein Sicherheitsproblem?

- Die Arktisregion – Von Kooperation zu Konfrontation?

- Heißer Krieg um kühles Nass? Auswirkungen des Klimawandels auf Wasserkonflikte

- Zum Konfliktpotenzial erneuerbarer Energien


Zusammenfassung der Einzelbeiträge:





Executive Summary:

S.8f … The effects of climate on the nation’s water storage capabilities and hydrologic functions will have significant implications for water management and planning as variability in natural processes increases. Although U.S. water management practices are generally quite advanced, particularly in the West, the reliance on past conditions as the foundation for current and future planning and practice will no longer be tenable as climate change and variability increasingly create conditions well outside of historical parameters and erode predictability …




16th Economic and Environmental Forum - part two, Prague, 19-21 May 2008

PM FIN Präsidentschaft

Food for Thought … possible role of the OSCE … “Maritime and inland waterways co-operation in the OSCE area: Increasing security and protecting the environment”

… With regard to river basin co-operation and water management, Central Asia should be a priority region for the OSCE. In the region, existing agreements need to be updated. There is also a need for transparent information exchange. The transfer of international experiences and know how would be beneficial and the OSCE could be a useful facilitator. Building the co-operation of the countries in the region with Afghanistan was furthermore emphasized as an important element. The regulation of the energy / water nexus and the development and improvement of water saving strategies in the region were mentioned as areas for future OSCE involvement. It was highlighted that the EU Central Asian Strategy adopted last year might open perspectives for co-operation …

siehe dazu: wasseraktuell 110, 03.04.09    Konferenz: Wasser verbindet - Neue Perspektiven für Zusammenarbeit und Sicherheit



Water Politics and Development Cooperation - Local Power Plays and Global Governance

Scheumann, Waltina; Neubert, Susanne; Kipping, Martin (Eds.)

2008, XXX, 416 p. 16 illus., Hardcover

… The importance of the political sphere for understanding and solving water sector problems is the basic rationale of this book, which is the outcome of the Fifth Dialogues on Water, organised at the German Development Institute, Bonn … focused on the political processes of policy formulation and the strategic behaviour of the actors involved. The papers assembled in this book analyze debates and investigate water politics at the international, national and local level. They examine policies as results from power plays of state and non-state actors alike over water resources and modalities of water service delivery and as a function of their respective means of influence …



Structural Stability: On the Prerequisites of Nonviolent Conflict Management

Andreas Mehler, u.a. April 2008   … Environmental security describes the lowest possible amount of environmental stress a state or society, respectively, is exposed to. Environmental stress is defined as the lasting and/or sudden negative change of an ecosystem …

Siehe insbes. S.8, 25, 28 …The initial expectation that the correlation of the various dimensions of structural stability with the dependent variable of human security would result in clear types of structural stability and structural instability was not confirmed ... This is first of all an expression of the fact that the seven dimensions of structural stability are a political postulate—and not the result of a systematic theoretical an political lessons-learned process or stringent empirical analysis … The dimensions stainable economic growth”; “environmental security”; and—eliminating statistical outliers–“social equality” are inconclusive. For the intended formation of types, this meant that clear attributions and mutually enhancing effects were hard to deduce; they may appear plausible in individual cases, but in order to confirm them as causal, methodological analysis that cannot be achieved by quantitative statistical methods alone is required …





... und was ist eigentlich ein ANKERLAND?


Zukünftige globale Machtverschiebungen: Die Debatte in den deutschen Thinktanks

... Am 12. und 13. März 2008 haben die drei wichtigsten deutschen außen- und entwicklungspolitischen Thinktanks, das Deutsche Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), das GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies und die Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (SWP) zusammen mit Vertretern des Auswärtigen Amtes, des Bundesministeriums für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ) und des Bundeskanzleramtes über „Neue Führungsmächte/Ankerländer – Herausforderungen und Perspektiven für die Politikgestaltung Deutschlands“ beraten. Damit wird eines der zentralen Themen zukünftiger Außenpolitik angesprochen ...


+ nachgeordneter Bereich gibt es u.a. seit 2004/5 beim DIE eine eigenes Projekt





Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council - WSSCC

The Collaborative Council exists under a mandate from the United Nations. It is governed by a multi-stakeholder steering committee elected by the Collaborative Council's members, combining the authority of the UN with the flexibility of an NGO and the legitimacy of a membership organization.

WSSCC focuses exclusively on those people around the world who currently lack water and sanitation, with all its policies and work aimed only to serve those people. The Collaborative Council has a special interest in sanitation and hygiene and emphasizes the need to view water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) as an inseparable trinity for development.



Mit den besten Grüßen von Elbe und Havel


Jörg Barandat




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