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International Year of Sanitation 2008

 

… the General Assembly decided to declare 2008 the International Year of Sanitation … central objective … is to put the global community on track to achieve the sanitation Millennium Development Goals (MDG). Sanitation is the foundation of health, dignity, and development. Increased sanitation access especially for poor people, is fundamental for reaching all the MDGs ...

 

http://esa.un.org/iys/index.shtml

 

 

14.02.2008

 

WASSER AKTUELL

108

 

 

 

 

Trailer: Wasser unterm Hammer   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2vO9yupax2k

http://www.kernfilm.de/k04prodp.htm
Kern Filmproduktion, Hamburg
http://www.kernfilm.de/k01framep.htm

 

 

 

4  NACHRICHTEN

 

BOM calls for ideas on water data

Feb 14, 2008 The Bureau of Meteorology is urging water users in the Northern Territory to help shape it's new Australian Water Resources Information System … "People will be able to get downloads of all forms of water information. Patterns of river flows, patterns of ground water levels, water held in storage, patterns of water use and people will be able to see how the water resources are changing over time."

http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/02/14/2162773.htm

 

SA water rebates extended

Feb 14, 2008  South Australian community groups, sporting clubs and charities can now get State Government rebates when they install water saving devices …

http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/02/14/2162823.htm

 

Water harvesting plan to keep Southbank green

Feb 14, 2008 Brisbane's South Bank is to be kept green by a stormwater harvesting system that will be used to irrigate the site's extensive gardens …

http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/02/14/2162404.htm

 

Fifty Percent Chance Lake Mead Will Be Dry By 2021, Models Show

February 13, 2008   Last month, we reported about Scripps Oceanographic Institute researchers' work on the impact of climate change on the Western water crisis. Now, the same researchers are back in a smaller scientific journal to answer a simple question posed in the title of their paper: "When Will Lake Mead Go Dry?" Based on models constructed from the analysis of historical records from the Federal Bureau of Land Reclamation, the researchers, Tim Barnett and David Pierce, say there is a ten percent chance the reservoir will be dry in 2014, and a 50 percent chance no water will be left by 2021 …

http://blog.wired.com/wiredscience/2008/02/this-is-what-wa.html

siehe auch:

13. Februar 2008  Lake Mead verdunstet - Las Vegas könnte in 13 Jahren das Wasser ausgehen ...

http://www.oe24.at/zeitung/wissen/article233346.ece

February 12, 2008  Lake Mead Water Could Dry Up by 2021 …

http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/feb2008/2008-02-12-095.asp

 

Mayor drinks in Capitol water issues

February 13, 2008 -- Before becoming mayor of San Diego, Jerry Sanders never paid much attention to the water flowing from his faucet. "I was a cop. I never thought about water," Sanders said. He does now. Sanders was in Sacramento Wednesday being pitched by Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger on water bonds. He confered with another lesser-known actor, Fresno Mayor Alan Autry, who played Bubba on the television series "In the Heat of the Night." And he listened to dire warnings about supply shortages caused by global warming-induced climate change …

http://weblog.signonsandiego.com/news/breaking/2008/02/mayor_drinks_in_capitol_water.html

 

Wasser wird immer wichtiger

13. Februar 2008    Kaum eine Berufsgruppe ist vom Klimawandel so unmittelbar betroffen wie die Bauern. Bei der Landwirtschaftlichen Woche in Gernsheim sprachen gestern Experten zum Thema "Klimawandel und die Zukunft der Beregnung" ...

http://www.morgenweb.de/region/heppenheim/20080213_srv0000002152766.html

 

Grape growers want better water deal

Feb 13, 2008   McLaren Vale grape growers meet the Minister for Water Security today to discuss water restrictions they say are too heavy-handed …

http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/02/13/2161280.htm

 

Adapting Water Use to a Fast Changing World

Klaus Schwab & Peter Brabeck-Letmathe ... siehe auch den Beitrag von Schwab / Brabeck-Letmath: A world united on water in dem DAVOS-Kasten weiter unten ...  J.B.

11 February 2008 (04 Safar 1429)    We are on the verge of a water crisis. As world economy and population continue to grow, we are becoming a much thirstier world. It is important to realize just how much water we need to make every aspect of our economy work. Every liter of petrol requires up to 2.5 liters of water to produce it. On average, crops grown for their bioenergy need at least 1,000 liters of water to make one liter of biofuel. It takes about 2,700 liters of water to make one cotton T-shirt, up to 4,000 liters of water to produce a kilo of wheat and up to 16,000 liters to produce a kilo of beef. The statistics are equally surprising for hundreds of other consumer products that we all take for granted like milk, juice, coffee, fruit, pizza, detergents, carpets, paint, electrical appliances, cosmetics and so on. On average wealthier people “consume” upward of 3,000 liters of water every day. Even to produce the much more basic things our economy needs like cement, steel, chemicals, mining or power generation takes literally tons of water. We have seen this year the impact on food prices that a combination of crop switch for biofuels and drought can have. Water is the bigger problem we can see behind this issue. It has the potential for a much more profound impact on consumers and voters …

http://www.arabnews.com/?page=7&section=0&article=106655&d=11&m=2&y=2008

 

United Nations General Assembly 

Thematic Debate:  Addressing Climate Change - The United Nations and the World at Work

11 - 12 February 2008

http://www.un.org/ga/president/62/ThematicDebates/themclimatechange.shtml

 

Families take a bath as level of water bills rises

February 10, 2008   FAMILIES with two or more children will pay over £100 more for their water if the government presses ahead with its threat to introduce compulsory metering …

http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/money/consumer_affairs/article3340726.ece

 

Zambia: Water is Life, Conserve it by Harvesting It

9 February 2008   ALTHOUGH too much rain has caused havoc in some parts of the country, agriculturists believe water can be harvested and later on used for agricultural purposes. As they say, water is life, conserve it, this is a scheme the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives is trying to put in place so that rain water is not wasted but reserved for later use … Water harvesting is a technology used to put up several measures of trapping the excess rainy water that may go to waste in fields. The practice is highly beneficial in dry areas or countries where rainfall is unreliable …

http://allafrica.com/stories/200802110063.html

 

Aussies geht das Wasser aus

9. Februar 2008   Australien leidet unter Dürre und Wassermangel - Österreichs Wirtschaftskammer sieht Chancen für heimische Unternehmen .... "Das Wasser ist für Australien sicher das größte Problem in der nächsten Zeit." 2001 hatte sich die Wirtschaftskammer bemüht, österreichische Wassertechnologieunternehmen - "sicher die besten in Europa" - in Australien zu etablieren. "Wir sind damals abgeblitzt, weil die vorgelegten Amortisationsrechnungen ins Leere gegangen sind. Wasser und Energie sind in Australien traditionell billig, und die lokale Politik in den Bundesstaaten wagt es auch nicht, das zu ändern." Dann kamen aber die "El-Niño-Jahre" - Dürrejahre in Serie. Jetzt herrscht absoluter Wassermangel  ... Plötzlich ist so das Interesse für europäische Wassertechnologie erwacht: Gefragt sind Lösungen für Wasserrecycling, Wasseraufbereitung, aber auch für Bewässerungsanlagen ...

http://derstandard.at/?url=/?id=3218355

 

Water Authority: Israel is rapidly losing its water sources 

07/02/2008  Israel will soon be unable to use a considerable part of its natural water sources, the Water Authority warns, because of the deteriorating quality of ground-water reserves, exacerbated by reduced rainfall due to climate change. Most of the water in the Coast Aquifer, one of Israel's two main ground-water sources, is below the standard for potable water, according to a recent report by the Water Authority's Hydraulic Service … 

http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/952155.html

 

Samak's water plan too hasty

February 06, 2008    New Prime Minister Samak Sundaravej has to get points for boldness in the announcement of two megaprojects totalling 500 billion baht in the opening days of his term, but his scores for judgement are looking much worse. There can be little argument with the proposal to complete the extension of Bangkok's elevated rail system within three years … But one has to wonder if PM Samak consulted Mr Thaksin or anyone else before hitting upon his second proposal: to divert water from the Mekong River to irrigate the thirsty Northeast. The diversion scheme would transport water via underground tunnels to reservoirs in Loei and Udon Thani provinces, from where it would then be distributed throughout the Northeast …

http://www.bangkokpost.com/060208_News/06Feb2008_news14.php

 

Georgia Loses Federal Case in a Dispute About Water

February 6, 2008  — Georgia lost a major court fight in the Southern battle over water rights on Tuesday when a federal appellate-court panel said the state could not withdraw as much water as it had planned from an Atlanta-area reservoir. The victory went to Alabama and Florida, which had contended that Georgia’s plan would siphon off water that should flow downstream to their consumers. The two states had brought the appellate suit to undo an agreement between Georgia and the Army Corps of Engineers that would have given Georgia rights to use nearly a quarter of the water in Lake Sidney Lanier, which supplies drinking water to much of northern Georgia …

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/06/us/06water.html

siehe auch:

02/03/08   States: Deadline on water war is doable …

http://www.ajc.com/metro/content/metro/stories/2008/02/02/water_0203.html

 

Schlimmste Dürre seit 50 Jahren - Wasserknappheit in Barcelona

05.02.2008     Die Wasserknappheit in Spanien wird dramatisch. Barcelona droht eine Unterbrechung der Versorgung ... Angesichts der Wasserknappheit steht die Regierungspolitik in die Kritik. Ein Plan der Sozialisten ... aus dem Jahre 2005 stoppte die Umverteilung des Wassers im Lande per Pipelines. Stattdessen wurde der Bau von 26 Meerwasserentsalzungsanlagen geplant. Bis heute sind nur zwei davon fertiggestellt ... Wasserexperten verlangen ein Umdenken beim Verbrauch. Die energieintensive Entsalzung könne nur eine Notlösung sein ... Längst werden auch in Spanien Stimmen laut, die vor einem tiefgreifenden Wandel der Niederschläge auf der Iberischen Halbinsel warnen. Der Klimawechsel, so berechnen Experten, könne zu einer immer schnelleren Verwüstung und Versteppung des Landes führen. Während die regierenden Sozialisten vom Klima reden und erneuerbare Energien fördern, ist für den konservative Oppositionsführer Mariano Rajoy die Klimadebatte übertrieben ...

http://www.taz.de/1/zukunft/umwelt/artikel/1/barcelona-sitzt-auf-dem-trockenen/

 

Increasing Awareness of the Strategic Importance of Water for Africa's Development

1 February 2008 … In conjunction with the African Ministerial Council on Water (AMCOW), the African Development Bank (AfDB) is organizing the First Water Week, scheduled to run from March 26 to 28 in Tunis (Sheraton Hotel). To find out more about this event, we spoke to the AfDB Director of Water and Sanitation, Mr. Kordjé Bedoumra …

http://allafrica.com/stories/200802020038.html

 

Climate-change realities could ruin water planning

Feb. 1, 2008 Human-caused climate change could undermine a century of building dams, canals and reservoirs across the West as warmer temperatures alter the way water flows through the dry country, scientists say. Two separate studies, published in today's issue of Science magazine, describe weaknesses in an already fragile system of stretching limited water supplies, suggesting that what happened in Arizona this week, when warm rains filled reservoirs too early, could occur more frequently. One study attempts to quantify for the first time the human contribution to climate change in the West. It offers evidence that man-made greenhouse gases from vehicles or power plants have caused up to 60 percent of the variations in snowpack, stream flow and higher temperatures over the past half-century …

http://www.azcentral.com/news/articles/0201climate-drought0201.html

siehe auch:

February 1, 2008   Water troubles in the West may worsen

http://www.latimes.com/news/science/la-sci-water1feb01,0,5334884.story

February 1, 2008   Population Pressures Western Water

http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5gZzaA66mXu26e0cXkMjD6fBo-ODwD8UH64B00

 

Indus Water Treaty will not be abrogated

January 31, 2008  Indian Water Resources Minister … announced that there was no chance of abrogating the Indus Water Treaty (IWT) with Pakistan … India would harness the irrigation and hydroelectric potential of the country’s Western rivers to the fullest. Referring to the World Bank’s verdict on the Baglihar Dam project, he said it had been clearly established that India could use its water for irrigation and other development purposes. He said two more projects — at Burser on River Chenab and at Ujjh on a tributary of River Ravi — were also in the pipeline … India, in 2007, had sent the daily flow data of 280 hydrological sites on the Indus Basin, along with flood warnings, to Pakistan under the aegis of the IWT …

http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008%5C01%5C31%5Cstory_31-1-2008_pg7_9

 

Water shortage starts to hurt

Jan 31, 2008   Southland its the latest region to enforce water bans and has declared a drought as the big dry spell across the country persists. And more councils are likely to follow with the weather predicted to become hotter and drier.  Farmers are finding it hard to feed stock but council bans on excessive water use are making it even harder … But it is businesses that are suffering as the sanctions cut into their margins. A Hawera garden centre says customers are not buying what they cannot water …

http://tvnz.co.nz/view/page/411365/1565595

 

Stammeskonflikt: Kampf um Weideland und Wasser

30.01.2008   Mit Krieg sind die Iteso und die Karamajong in Norduganda aufgewachsen. Seit Jahrzehnten stehen die beiden Volksgruppen im Konflikt um Weideland und Wasser - in einem Theaterprojekt wollen sie sich jetzt näher kommen ...

http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,3097124,00.html

 

Israeli water-tech fund to invest in desalination

January 30, 2008  If you'd like to get a feel for cutting-edge water technologies, go to Israel, a densely populated country that gets only four to six inches of rain a year … The AquAgro fund plans to invest in different technologies, including filtering and water recycling, as well as computerized irrigation systems … If Israel does not manage its water properly, it will only have enough water for domestic use and not enough for agriculture by 2025 …

http://www.news.com/8301-11128_3-9861451-54.html

 

Libs discuss water concerns

January 30, 2008  … Water is among the issues for discussion at the South Australian Liberal Party's conference at Port Lincoln. MP Mitch Williams is concerned about the State Government's decision to significantly increase water rates. He says people he represents in the state's south-east will be affected regardless of where their water comes from …

http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/01/30/2150067.htm

 

 

16th OSCE Economic and Environmental Forum

Vienna, 28-29 January 2008

… focus is "Maritime and inland waterways co-operation in the OSCE area: increasing security and protecting the environment" …

http://www.osce.org/conferences/eef_2008_vienna.html

 

 

Anhörung: Klimawandel und das Wasser der Erde

29-01-2008 - Systemelement Wasser     Schmelzende Eisberge, sinnflutartige Regenfälle, Wasserknappheit: „Wasser ist der wichtigste Faktor im Klimawandel, ein systembestimmender Faktor“, so die spanische EU-Abgeordnete Cristina Gutiérrez-Cortines. Sie ist verantwortlich für eine Anhörung, die sich am Dienstagnachmittag speziell mit dem Thema Wasser und Klimawandel befasst. EU-Abgeordnete und Fachleute werden Fragen rund um Wasserkreislauf, Wasserverfügbarkeit und Konsequenzen für Ökosysteme und Landnutzung erörtern ...

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/public/story_page/064-19651-028-01-05-911-20080125STO19639-2008-28-01-2008/default_de.htm

 

Deutsche helfen China beim "hausgemachten" Wasser-Problem

29.01.2008    Das rasche Wirtschaftswachstum und die Wasserverschmutzung fordern ihren Tribut: Das Trinkwasser wird knapp in China. Doch Experten entdecken erste Anzeichen für ein Umdenken. Davon profitieren auch deutsche Unternehmen. Eigentlich dürfte in China überhaupt keine Wasserknappheit herrschen. Schließlich verfügt das Land über die viertgrößten Trinkwasserreserven der Welt. Trotzdem ... verfügten sogar 440 von 600 chinesischen Städten dauerhaft über zu wenig Wasser. "Nachhaltiges Wassermanagement" lautet deshalb das neue Zauberwort. Einer der wichtigsten Vertreter des Konzepts ist Wolfgang Geiger, der sich als Unesco-Chair seit den 1990er Jahren für ein Umdenken in punkto Wasserschutz vor Ort engagiert. Und das mit zunehmendem Erfolg, so scheint es. Bei Gesprächen mit Regierungsvertretern bemerke er eine "größere Offenheit" als früher, als an Kritiker noch "Maulkörbe" verteilt wurden, betont Geiger im Gespräch mit DW-WORLD.DE ...

http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,3089662,00.html

 

India polarised over water privatisation

January 29, 2008    Across India, there is a rising tide of water privatisation projects made possible in recent years by a radical departure in the way national policy views water. Water is no longer just a public service to be delivered by governments but a resource to be managed well if need be, with the participation of the private sector … Private sector participation should be encouraged in planning, development and management of water resources projects may help in introducing innovative ideas, generating financial resources and introducing corporate management and improving service efficiency and accountability to users. It's a shift that parallels wider international trends sharply critiqued by environmentalists like Vandana Shiva who has argued against the commodification of water … Seen from the perspective of the urban poor, the moral critique of water privatisation begins to falter. In fact, it's this failure of the public sector to provide water to all or to regulate its use that has formed the basis for those who argue that like other resources, water too must be more efficiently utilised. Where the debate actually gets polarized is whether bringing in efficiency also means bringing in the private sector? …

http://www.ndtv.com/convergence/ndtv/story.aspx?id=NEWEN20080039808&ch=1/29/2008%2011:36:00%20PM

 

Tirupur water privatisation a success

January 29, 2008   Tirupur, popularly known as the knitwear capital of India had the country's first ever privately financed drinking water project. The area had an acute water shortage that was affecting the hundreds of dyeing and bleaching units. Villages in the area too were facing great water stress. So in 2003 the Tamil Nadu government roped in Mahindra and the local industry to pitch in funds and bring water to Tirupur. A Rs 1,000 crore public-private partnership came up by 2006, and was supplying 110 million litres to the local communities and industrial units per day …

http://www.ndtv.com/convergence/ndtv/story.aspx?id=NEWEN20080039806&ch=1/29/2008%2011:10:00%20PM

 

Experts warn nature not getting adequate share of fresh water reserves

29/01/2008   At the Ein Bokek Nature Reserve in the Dead Sea area, water that has become saline due to pollution will soon be piped out of the reserve though a new pipeline, desalinated and then returned. The Ayun Stream near the northern border, dry most of the year because its water is siphoned off by farmers in Lebanon, will also get more water, by pipeline from the nearby Dan Stream. These two examples show an attempt to improve the flow of water to nature. But they also reveal the sorry state of many of Israel's springs and streams. Only a remnant of the water that once flowed through them still does; most has been diverted for household or agricultural use, and parts are polluted. About a year ago, the Knesset passed the Water Law, which recognizes the right of nature as a water consumer, along with households, farmers and industry …

http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/949211.html

 

 

World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2008

The Power of Collaborative Innovation

23-27 January, Davos, Switzerland

http://www.weforum.org/en/index.htm

 

u.a.:

Initiatives – Water  http://www.weforum.org/en/initiatives/water/index.htm

Initiatives – Climate Change  http://www.weforum.org/en/initiatives/ghg/index.htm

Securing a Watertight Future

http://www.weforum.org/en/knowledge/KN_SESS_SUMM_23660?url=/en/knowledge/KN_SESS_SUMM_23660

Death, Disease and Dirty Water

http://www.weforum.org/en/knowledge/KN_SESS_SUMM_23573?url=/en/knowledge/KN_SESS_SUMM_23573

Winning Strategies for Water Use

http://www.weforum.org/en/knowledge/Themes/Enviroment/KN_SESS_SUMM_21875?url=/en/knowledge/Themes/Enviroment/KN_SESS_SUMM_21875

Who Is Managing Your Supply of Water?

http://www.weforum.org/en/knowledge/Themes/Enviroment/ClimateChange/KN_SESS_SUMM_22637?url=/en/knowledge/Themes/Enviroment/ClimateChange/KN_SESS_SUMM_22637

Time Is Running Out for Water

http://www.weforum.org/en/knowledge/Themes/Enviroment/ClimateChange/KN_SESS_SUMM_22493?url=/en/knowledge/Themes/Enviroment/ClimateChange/KN_SESS_SUMM_22493

 

24 January 2008 - Secretary-General's address at the World Economic Forum on "Time Is Running Out on Water"

http://www.un.org/apps/sg/sgstats.asp?nid=2967

 

 

PRESSE

 

The battle for food, oil and water

January 29 2008   Soccer crowds in England like to abuse match referees by chanting: "You don't know what you're doing." If protesters had been able to get near the World Economic Forum in Davos last week, they could justifiably have aimed the same chant at the world leaders who assembled in the Alps. These people are meant to be the "masters of the universe": presidents, prime ministers, bankers, billionaires. If anybody can make sense of world events, it should be them. But the air of confusion in Davos was both palpable and alarming … The costs of food and energy are rising fast. The availability of water is also becoming an issue, from Australia to Africa. The struggle for these three basic commodities - food, energy and water - came up repeatedly in Davos … Urbanisation and industrialisation are both increasing demand for water, at a time when climate change is disrupting supply … The food, energy and water problems all touch on each other. America's pursuit of alternatives to oil has led to massive investment in biofuels made from maize. That in turn has cut the amount of maize being used for food production and so contributed to rising food prices. The production of biofuels is also very water-intensive. Meanwhile, increased demand for agricultural land to grow more food is leading to the clearing of forest in Brazil - which could worsen global warming - leading to further stress on the world's water supplies. The potential for political conflicts increases along with the rise in food, energy and water prices. Ban Ki-Moon, the United Nations secretary-general, told the Davos meeting that water shortages had helped to cause the conflict in Darfur …

http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/c6f6f012-ce0b-11dc-9e4e-000077b07658.html

 

The world is running short of its key liquid asset: water

24/01/2008   Demand for water is set to spark an acute shortage that will leave key sectors, including agriculture, without sufficient supplies to meet global food requirements. Business leaders meeting at the World Economic Forum (WEF) were told … to prepare themselves for significant disputes and conflicts as a result of the world's growing water shortage problem. Dominic Waughray, the director of Environmental Initiatives at the WEF, said: "Our water sources are under immense strain as our world economy continues to grow. A richer world is a thirstier world" … The WEF is creating a new coalition of businesses to produce a framework with commitments in place to produce a multi-industry global plan of action on water. This will see existing water management solutions increased in scale and replicated across industries. It will also undertake a major new international forecast on water security and its economic and political implications …

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/money/main.jhtml?view=DETAILS&grid=&xml=/money/2008/01/24/cnwater124.xml

 

Schwerpunktthema in Davos - Wasser – eine unverzichtbare Ressource

24. Januar 2008   Die Süßwasserreserven der Welt geraten unter Druck – Grund genug für die Organisatoren des WEF, dieses Problem zum Schwerpunktthema zu machen. Denn der Kampf ums Wasser verschärft sich durch Bevölkerungswachstum und Klimawandel gerade in trockenen Regionen dramatisch. Damit steigt die Gefahr politischer Konflikte ... Die Notwendigkeit zum Wassermanagement führt zu ungewöhnlichen Allianzen: Das gerade in diesen Tagen unter einer Dürreperiode leidende China hat vor wenigen Wochen mit Algerien ein Kooperationsabkommen geschlossen. Beide Länder wollen Erfahrungen in der Pflanzenzucht und der Wiedergewinnung vertrockneter Gebiete austauschen ...

http://www.handelsblatt.com/News/Konjunktur-%D6konomie/Hintergrund/_pv/_p/204299/_t/ft/_b/1381261/default.aspx/wasser-%96-eine-unverzichtbare-ressource.html

 

A world united on water

Klaus Schwab is founder and executive chairman of the World Economic Forum. Peter Brabeck-Letmathe is chairman and chief executive of Nestle.

January 21, 2008   THE world is on the verge of a water crisis. As the global economy and the world's population continue to expand, we are becoming a much thirstier planet. It is important to realise just how much water we need to make the various aspects of our economy work … Our aim is to catalyse at this year's Davos meeting in Switzerland an unprecedented, high-impact public-private coalition to find ways to manage our future water needs before the crisis hits.

http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,23080874-7583,00.html

 

 

Drought forces cabinet to vote on emergency water measures 

27/01/2008   A major public relations campaign to encourage water conservation, restrictions on watering parks and gardens, and increasing waste-water recycling, are all part of an emergency water savings plan to be presented … to the cabinet for approval … Another part of the proposed plan to respond to this year's drought is more cuts to water quotas for farmers, who will receive monetary compensation ... The emergency plan is a result of the drought … the rainfall is at only 65% of the annual average for the winter so far. The Lake Kinneret catchment area and the central mountain region have fared even worse, with less than 60% of the average rainfall for the season to date … The Water Authority has warned that even if the rest of the winter sees average rainfall, there will still be a water deficit for the winter of 300 million cubic meters for the entire national water system …

http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/948305.html

 

California Farmers Want to Sell Water

27/01/2008  — With water becoming increasingly precious in California, a rising number of farmers figure they can make more money by selling their water than by actually growing something. Because farmers get their water at subsidized rates, some of them see financial opportunity this year in selling their allotments to Los Angeles and other desperately thirsty cities across Southern California, as well as to other farms …

http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5iLCpVcz3ZCkhreO0PlXCMX1zYISQD8UD540G1

 

Saudi Sets Up SR22bn Water Company

24 January 2008 -- The National Water Company (NWC), which was licensed by the Cabinet last week, will be fully owned by the government and will cover all parts of the Kingdom in three years, said Water and Electricity Minister Abdullah Al-Hussayen. He said the new company will have a capital of SR22 billion with 2.2 billion shares, each with a nominal value of SR10, and a paid-up capital of SR6.84 billion with 684.88 million shares. He hinted at selling part of its shares in an initial public offering at a later stage. The minister described the Cabinet decision on NWC as a historic one as it would bring about qualitative changes in water production and distribution in the country. Saudi Arabia is the world's largest producer of desalinated water … According to a Cabinet statement, NWC will provide all services related to underground water sector, drinking water distribution sector and collection and treatment of sewage water on a sound commercial basis …

http://www.zawya.com/printstory.cfm?storyid=ZAWYA20080124031950&l=031900080124

 

'Dewatering' shares blame for city's water woes

January 25, 2008   The unchecked construction of malls and high-rise apartment buildings could add to water shortages in the capital, an official said … during an impromptu visit to an apartment building in South Jakarta … High-rise buildings are heavy users of groundwater, reducing groundwater elevation by up to two to five meters a year in the city …

http://www.thejakartapost.com/detailcity.asp?fileid=20080124.C01&irec=0

alternativ, falls dort nicht mehr verfügbar:

http://cempaka-construction.blogspot.com/2008/01/north-sumatra-council-urges-pln-to.html

 

 

 

Beijing Olympic water scheme drains parched farmers

2008 Jan 23 - Dusty villages far from China's capital are paying their own price for the government's plan to stage a postcard-perfect Olympic Games, enduring shrunken crops, drained wells and contention over lost land and homes. China is rushing to finish canals to pump 300 million cubic metres of "emergency" water to Beijing for its "green" Games, ensuring a lush, sparkling host city greets the world in August …

http://sport.guardian.co.uk/breakingnews/feedstory/0,,-7247373,00.html

 

Palestinian water authority: 40% of Gazans lack running water 

22/01/2008    Gaza Strip residents Monday moved from worrying about the electricity cuts of the previous 40 hours to worrying about a water shortage. The municipality needs electricity to bring water to homes and the houses need it to pump water to the roof tanks. Hence 40 percent of Gaza Strip homes - 600,000 people - had no running water ...

http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/947099.html

 

Iran, Kuwait finalize water export plan

January 22, 2008  – During the past week’s visit of Kuwaiti foreign minister to Iran, the two sides gave finishing touches to the deal for export of water from Iran to Kuwait …

http://www.tehrantimes.com/index_View.asp?code=161700

 

Charges laid against water cheats

January 21, 2008 … Lower Murray Water has laid charges against one irrigator and two others are in the pipeline for prosecution … he would be pleading guilty to one charge of water theft …

http://www.news.com.au/heraldsun/story/0,21985,23081598-2862,00.html

 

WSU fights to keep water rights so it can water new golf course

January 20, 2008 -- Washington State University is fighting for the right to water its new 18-hole golf course in the dry, rolling hills near the Idaho border. Opponents are trying to overturn a Washington state Department of Ecology decision allowing the university to triple the amount of water it pumps from the aquifer feeding the $12 million golf course …

http://news.columbian.com/news/state/APStories/AP01202008news265648.cfm

 

New Columbia River Water Rights Under Review

January 20, 2008 - An agreement that could result in new rights to Columbia River water is now available for public review. Under the proposal, irrigators will help pay for water conservation projects that in turn will allow the Washington Department of Ecology to issue new water rights from the Columbia River …

http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/jan2008/2008-01-20-092.asp

 

Drought plan opens rifts over fairness

January 20, 2008 … With a key vote just weeks away, cities and water agencies across the region are scrambling to figure out the ramifications of a first-ever shortage allocation plan that would govern water deliveries to communities stretching from the Santa Monica Mountains to the Inland Empire and south to the Mexican border. Deep rifts are developing among some of the 26 member agencies of the Metropolitan Water District over allotments under the plan, which will kick in if current water shortages necessitate rationing, possibly as early as spring …

http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-me-water20jan20,0,5461319.story

 

Berliner wollen ihr Wasser zurück

18.01.2008 · ... Privatisierung sorgt für mehr Effizienz und sinkende Kosten, so das immer wieder vorgebrachte Argument, wenn öffentliche Dienstleister in private Hände wandern sollen. In Berlin - einem Vorreiter in Sachen Privatisierung - fordern Bürgerinitiativen aber, die Wasserwerke wieder zurück an die Kommune zu geben. Denn die Preise für die Wasserversorgung sind seit der Privatisierung massiv gestiegen ...

http://www.dradio.de/dlf/sendungen/umwelt/726605/

 

Water prices to increase by 30 per cent in 6 years

Jan 17, 2008   Water prices are likely to rise by more than 30 per cent in real terms over the next six years after the Economic Regulation Authority recommended the price increase to the State Government …

http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/01/17/2140583.htm

 

State needs water plan with teeth

01/16/08  Now that the Georgia General Assembly has convened its 2008 legislative session, one of the first items of business will be for legislators to consider a resolution to endorse something that the State Water Council, led by the Georgia Environmental Protection Division, calls a "comprehensive state water plan." Unfortunately, that plan is not a law. It is not even a rule or regulation. It is a "policy," no more than an official wish that certain things might happen. The Water Council plan is comparable to a letter to Santa. Like many such letters, its contents are very likely to differ from what is finally found under the tree …

http://www.millercountyliberal.com/news/2008/0123/Community/071.html

 

Bali: the mother of all no-deals

Editorial by Sunita Narain     Jan 15, 2008 … the fight against climate change has only just begun. The message from Bali is the fight will be downright brutal and selfish … the world has not moved an inch from where it stood on climate some 17 years ago, when negotiations began. The only difference is that emissions have increased; climate change is at dangerous levels. Only if we drastically cut emissions, will we succeed in avoiding a full-blown catastrophe. Let's understand what was agreed (or not) in Bali. The conference ended with an action plan-an agreement to begin talks … no targets have been set for developed nations to cut emissions; no timeframe has been set ... it accepts that the countries will take on actions, not commitments …

http://www.downtoearth.org.in/editor.asp?foldername=20080115&filename=Editor&sec_id=2&sid=1

 

Uncertainty and Action on Climate Change / Unsicherheit und Maßnahmen gegen den Klimawandel

January 2008   by Thomas Schelling  Je mehr Erkenntnisse wir über den Klimawandel gewinnen ... desto mehr Unsicherheiten entstehen. Dennoch steht die Treibhaus-„Theorie”, wie sie manchmal abschätzig genannt wird, auf durchaus solidem wissenschaftlichen Fundament. Es besteht Unsicherheit hinsichtlich quantitativer Parameter und man darf gewisse Zweifel hegen, ob die Erwärmung der letzten Jahrzehnte wirklich zur Gänze auf den „Treibhauseffekt“ zurückzuführen ist. Die grundlegenden Fakten der globalen Erwärmung stehen wissenschaftlich jedoch außer Streit ... Für manche, vor allem für die Bush-Administration, scheint die Unsicherheit hinsichtlich der Erderwärmung, eine legitime Basis für die Verzögerung von Maßnahmen zu sein, die von ihr gemeinhin als „kostspielig“ identifiziert werden. Allerdings beschränkt sich diese Denkweise fast ausschließlich auf den Klimawandel. In anderen Bereichen öffentlicher Politik wie Terrorismus, atomare Weiterverbreitung, Inflation oder Impfungen scheint ein „Versicherungsprinzip“ vorzuherrschen: Wenn die Wahrscheinlichkeit eines erheblichen Schadens groß genug ist, ergreifen wir im Voraus angemessene Maßnahmen. Das andere Extrem bildet das oftmals so bezeichnete und momentan in der Europäischen Union populäre „Vorsorgeprinzip“: Bevor etwas  ... nicht garantiert sicher ist, muss es trotz aller zu erwartenden entscheidenden Vorteile auf unbestimmte Zeit verschoben werden. Keines dieser zwei Prinzipien ist sinnvoll, weder ökonomisch, noch sonst irgendwie. Wir sollten, so gut es geht, Kosten, Nutzen und Wahrscheinlichkeiten abwägen und uns nicht über Extremfälle den Kopf zerbrechen ...

(liegt mehrsprachig vor)

http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/schelling1

http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/schelling1/German

 

The Geopolitics of Energy: From Security to Survival

by Carlos Pascual, Vice President and Director for Foreign Policy Brookings Institution

January 14, 2008    geopolitics of energy … have been a driving factor in global prosperity and security. Over the coming decades, energy politics will determine the survival of the planet … traditional geopolitical considerations have become even more complex with global climate change ... At the very same time that countries are competing for energy, they must radically change how they use and conserve energy. The politics of that debate, particularly how to pay for the costs and dissemination of new technologies, and how to compensate those who contribute little to climate change but will most severely experience its tragedies, are emerging as a new focal point in the geopolitics. Ironically, high oil and gas prices and the actions that must be taken to address climate change – namely, pricing carbon at a cost that will drive investment, new technology and conservation to control its emission – will drive another existential threat: the risk of nuclear proliferation. Higher energy and carbon prices will make nuclear power a more attractive option in national energy strategies, and the more reliant that countries become on nuclear power, the more they will want to control the fuel cycle … Confronting these challenges requires an understanding of the fragility of international oil and gas markets, but also of the nexus among energy security, climate change, and nuclear energy and proliferation …

http://www.brookings.edu/papers/2008/01_energy_pascual.aspx?emc=lm&m=211735&l=47&v=70592

Aufsatz 16 Seiten

http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/papers/2008/01_energy_pascual/01_energy_pascual.pdf

 

Recycled water 'keeping Melbourne green'

January 15, 2008 - Recycled water is playing a big part in keeping Melbourne's suburban parks and sporting grounds green during the drought … Since mid-December, more than two million litres of class A recycled water has been used by councils ... and kept sporting grounds open to the community …

http://news.smh.com.au/recycled-water-keeping-melbourne-green/20080115-1m26.html

 

Talks on water allowances today

Jan 15, 2008 … South Australia's Water Security Minister Karlene Maywald says irrigators will maintain their minimum water allowance irrespective of any new agreements between states upstream …

http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/01/15/2138567.htm

 

Water laws may throttle growth

January 14, 2008  The planned distribution center for the footwear firm Skechers USA would rise on 1.7 million square feet in the Inland Empire, making it one of the largest warehouses in the United States. It would anchor a new community … Now, in a sign of growing water anxieties, the Skechers warehouse and six other large projects in western Riverside County are on hold until March or later because the local water agency could not promise to deliver water to serve them. The dilemma shows what can happen when construction and global trade, key drivers of the regional economy, are reined in by a potential lack of water …

http://www.latimes.com/business/la-me-skechers14jan14,0,1054318.story?coll=la-home-center

 

Capital facing water shortage

January 14, 2008   After the severe atta and electricity crises, the capital is facing water shortage, since over 120 tube wells of the Capital Development Authority (CDA) have been dysfunctional due to power outage. According to details, the water level has increased immensely after the recent rain in the capital, but due to electricity load shedding, the water supply to the capital has been reduced to 20 million gallons from 62 million gallons …

http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008%5C01%5C14%5Cstory_14-1-2008_pg7_46

 

Öl oder Wasser - was versiegt zuerst?

13. Januar 2008   Klimapolitik ist Umverteilung. Das zeigt der mit den Monopolgewinnen der Versorger steigende Ärger der Verbraucher über die hohen Strompreise in Deutschland. Das zeigt in Europa das Gerangel in der EU um die Zuteilung von Emissionszertifikaten. Und das bestätigt auf globaler Bühne der Verteilungskampf zwischen alten und neuen Industrieländern ... Über die Ausbeutung der fossilen Rohstoffe Öl und Gas wird leidenschaftlich gestritten, über einen anderen Rohstoff jedoch nicht. Der dramatisch steigende Wasserverbrauch wird verschwiegen ... Der schweizerische Lebensmittelkonzern Nestlé, der weltgrößte Wasserproduzent, prognostiziert eine Wasserkrise, die bedrohlicher als der Klimawandel sein wird. Viele Länder förderten in großem Umfang Wasser aus fossilen Quellen, die sich nicht wieder auffüllten. In Peking falle der Wasserspiegel jeden Tag um einen halben Meter ... Wasser könnte schneller als Öl aufgebraucht werden. Auch deshalb ist die Begeisterung für Biokraftstoffe ökologischer Wahnsinn. Die Herstellung von nur einem Liter Bioethanol verschlingt 4560 Liter Wasser ...

http://www.faz.net/s/Rub4D8A76D29ABA43699D9E59C0413A582C/Doc~E0C48F4D58A5E40E88B6B8C00C4F0974B~ATpl~Ecommon~Scontent.html?rss_googlefeed

 

North Dakota senator wants Condoleezza Rice to push for water projects

January 11, 2008   Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice is being asked to intervene in water disputes between North Dakota and Canada. The Northwest Area Water Supply Project and the Red River Valley Water Supply Project would divert Missouri River water to northwest and eastern North Dakota. Canadian officials object to both projects, fearing invasive species might enter Canadian waters. Senator Byron Dorgan (D-N.D.) said the water treatment plans in both projects are adequate. He said the disputes with Canada have dragged on for too long. "We need to have direct consultation between our Department of State and the federal government of Canada" …

http://ca.news.yahoo.com/s/capress/080111/world/nd_cda_water_disputes_2

 

Zimbabwe Water Shortages Intensify, Posing Risk Of Deadly Epidemics By Blessing Zulu

11 January 2008   Zimbabwe's deepening economic crisis has limited the government’s ability to provide clean water to its citizens, not only causing inconvenience and frustration as daily life becomes unmanageable but also raising the specter of deadly epidemics. Multiple districts of Harare, the capital, have recently seen outbreaks of diarrheal disease, leading health activists to warn of the danger cholera may be next. Continuing deterioration of an aging infrastructure inherited from colonial Rhodesia, combined with shortages of water treatment chemicals due to acute shortages of hard currency, have reduced the output of, or even shut down, municipal water systems …

http://voanews.com/english/Africa/Zimbabwe/2008-01-11-voa59.cfm

siehe auch:

15 January 2008: Harare in water shortage crisis

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7190047.stm

 

 

4  DOKUMENTE / VERÖFFENTLICHUNGEN / LINKS

 

 

UNESCO Institute for Water Education: Online courses registration

http://www.unesco-ihe.org/education/short_courses/online_courses

New postgraduate programmes related to water conflict

http://www.unesco.org/water/wwap/pccp/pdf/msc_llm_flyer.pdf

 

 

Diving in the Deep End: Help Water Agencies Address Climate Change

February 07, 2008   Climate change has the unprecedented potential to profoundly affect the world’s water supplies. Shrinking reservoirs and more-frequent floods, among other threats, have tremendous ramifications for Americans living in dry areas or near the coast. Overcoming the challenges ahead will require the federal government to rethink how it views water and utility management …

http://www.brookings.edu/papers/2008/0207_climate_change_mulroy_opp08.aspx?emc=lm&m=212542&l=37&v=31549

 

USA - primary elections … Candidates on Climate Change

http://www.brookings.edu/papers/2008/~/media/Files/rc/papers/2008/0129_climate_change_antholis_opp08/0129_climate_change_antholis_opp08.pdf

http://www.brookings.edu/papers/2007/02trade_antholis_Opp08.aspx

 

…kurz gefasst - aber dennoch weitgehend differenziert und umfassend -  konzentriert auf Flasche gezogen ... J.B.

Water Security - A Source of Future Conflicts

Institut für Strategie- Politik- Sicherheits- und Wirtschaftsberatung (ISPSW), Berlin, 6 Jan 2008

www.ispsw.de

discusses the access to water as a source of future conflicts … argues that regional disputes around water scarcity are as much a concern as are internal conflicts surrounding the fair distribution of water. The paper concludes that water will not be a hindrance to peace if there is the political will to avoid conflict. But if countries want to fight, the conflict around water will give them ample opportunities …

http://www.isn.ethz.ch/pubs/ph/details.cfm?Ing=en&ord61=alphaNavi&id=46130

 

Draft Strategy Plan for IHP-VII approved

12 December 2007, the Draft Strategy Plan … entitled “Water Dependencies: Systems under Stress and Societal Responses” was approved …

http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0015/001532/153292E.pdf

 

Social Policies and Water Sector Reform

United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Genf, Sep 2007

… demonstrates that, under certain circumstances, regulation should be complemented by social policies when reforming the water sector. It draws lessons from seven country studies … all … demonstrate the shortcomings of private sector participation and how social policies are crucial in addressing the issues of access and affordability …

http://www.unrisd.org/80256B3C005BCCF9/(httpPublications)/2973AE205C000F1BC125738A00432401?OpenDocument

http://se1.isn.ch/serviceengine/FileContent?serviceID=PublishingHouse&fileid=688222CF-FCD6-4202-CAB3-39FC5809FF2B&lng=en

 

Ethiopia and the Nile - Dilemmas of National and Regional Hydropolitics

Center for Security Studies (CSS), ETH Zürich, 2007

… discusses the national and regional dilemmas of hydropolitics in the Eastern Nile Basin countries of Ethiopia, Sudan, Egypt and Eritrea … highlights the dilemma between the need to develop the available water resources to overcome the debilitating poverty on the one hand, and the risk of limited institutional and financial capacity to develop such water resources on the other … states that the shared waters and common cultural heritage unify the peoples of the Eastern Nile basin, while the colonial legacy, vestiges of the Cold War era, and unilateral and nationalistic strategies over water resource development have led to regional tensions and incompatible legal doctrines.

http://se1.isn.ch/serviceengine/FileContent?serviceID=PublishingHouse&fileid=3178A48A-E455-D2EA-DA48-E6D456F9BDC0&lng=en

 

NGOs and Water - A Who’s Who in the Water Sector

Centre for Applied Studies in International Negotiations (CASIN), Genf, Nov 2006

… highlights some of the key non-governmental players involved in shaping the global debate on water issues and outlines some of their networks, campaigns and key priorities …

http://www.casin.ch/web/pdf/ngoswater.pdf

 

 

update zu >>WASSER AKTUELL 107<<

... zur Anfrage bei: „Direkt zur Kanzlerin!“

12.12.07 >>Strom aus der Wüste Afrikas für Europa?<<

liegt seit 11.01.08 eine Antwort aus dem Presse- und Informationsamt der Bundesregierung vor:

http://www.direktzu.de/kanzlerin/messages/15296

... diese ist weitgehend wortgleich mit der Antwort in der Bundestagsdrucksache 16/5560 vom 08.06.07, S.72

http://dip.bundestag.de/btd/16/055/1605560.pdf

 

… die in der Antwort aufgeführten Studien:

MED-CSP - Concentrating Solar Power for the Mediterranean Region

http://www.dlr.de/tt/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-2885/4422_read-6575/

TRANS-CSP - Trans-Mediterranean interconnection for Concentrating Solar Power

http://www.dlr.de/tt/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-2885/4422_read-6588/

AQUA-CSP - AQUA-CSP Concentrating Solar Power for Seawater Desalination

http://www.dlr.de/tt/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-3525//5497_read-6611/

TREC - Trans-Mediterranean Renewable Energy Cooperation

http://www.desertec.org/index.html

 

 

 

Mit den besten Grüßen von Elbe und Havel

 

Jörg Barandat

- http://www.watercourse.de

- https://www.xing.com/cgi-bin/forum.fpl?op=showforum&id=22145

 

 

 

Heute mal nicht der Wassermann, sondern Mark Twain (zugeschrieben): Whiskey is for drinking; water is for fighting over.

 

 

 

WASSER AKTUELL  erscheint unregelmäßig – angestrebt wird monatlich. Wenn Sie bei Neuerscheinung informiert werden möchten, teilen Sie uns dies bitte mit. Wir nehmen Sie dann gern in unsere Mailingliste auf.

 

4 Impressum / Urheberrecht / rechtlicher Hinweis zu externen Links / Haftungsausschluss

 

 

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