Barcelona > History | Projects

Hospital de Bellvitge - Fondo  20.7km, 30 stations

L1 Diagram

HOSPITAL DE BELLVITGE - (1989) - Huge hospital complex. Until Nov. 2003, the station was called FEIXA LLARGA, which means 'long terraced field' and evokes a former rural area.

BELLVITGE - (1989) - Large residential area built in the 60's next to an old chapel named 'nice view'.

AVINGUDA CARRILET - (1987) - The 'Carrilet' is a narrow gauge train that now runs underground along this avenue of L'Hospitalet.

RAMBLA JUST OLIVERAS - (1987) - Central pedestrian artery of L'Hospitalet named after a mayor and city developer.

CAN SERRA - (1987) - Former manor house that left its name for a modern residential area.

FLORIDA - (1987) - Residential area designed as a garden city at the beginning of the century - apart from some street names not many flowers are left.

TORRASSA - (1983) - Neighborhood of L'Hospitalet called after a former big house or tower in the area.

SANTA EULÀLIA - (1932/1983) - District of L'Hospitalet. There are two saints of that name, both martyrs in early Christian days - now also patron saint of Barcelona.

L1 Santa Eulàlia

MERCAT NOU - (1926) - Actually meaning 'New Market', the name of this market could also be derived from a former manor house called 'Nou'. This is one of Barcelona's two surface stations.

Mercat Nou © Jan Bartelsen

PLAÇA DE SANTS - (1926) - Originally only called 'Sans' it's in the heart of this historic district of Sants-Montjuïc, actually meaning 'saints'. As an exeption for the Barcelona Metro 'Plaça de' was added to distinguish this station from the nearby 'Sants-Estació' station on L3/L5.

HOSTAFRANCS - (1926) - Neighborhood founded around a hostel, whose owner named it after the village he came from - Hostafrancs in Segarra (Lleida). This station was totally renovated in early 2000.

ESPANYA - (1926) - This huge round square was designed for the 1929 exhibition which took place at the Fair Centre nearby.

ROCAFORT - (1926) - Street dediacted to Bernat de Rocafort, a Catalan knight in the 13th century who sailed the Mediterranian and fought against the Muslims in the name of Christ.

URGELL - (1926) - Urgell was a large county in today's province of Lleida, one of the historic parts of Catalonia. The street's dedicated to Jaume II, count of Urgell, who lived in the 14/15th century.

UNIVERSITAT - (1926) - The 'old' University was built in 1874 by Elies Rogent just outside old Barcelona after the city walls were torn down. Before that there was a University like school on the upper part of the Rambla, popularly called 'Rambla d'Estudis'.

CATALUNYA - (1926) - Huge central square built as a bridge between old and new town and obviously named after the country of which Barcelona is the Capital. There are actually 4 stations underground: L1, L3, the terminus station for the FGC urban and suburban lines (5 platforms) and a RENFE Suburban Rail station parallel to L1.

URQUINAONA - (1932) - Square named after a 19th century Barcelona bishop.

ARC DE TRIOMF - (1932) - The triumphal arch was built by Josep Vilaseca as a gateway to the 1888 exhibition held in nearby Ciutadella Park. It was originally called 'Triunfo-Norte' serving also the former North Station (closed in 1972)

MARINA - (1933) - Street dedicated to all Catalan marines, merchants and naval forces. The street runs down from Sagrada Família to the new Olympic Port, deserving this name again.

GLÒRIES - (1951) - The 'Plaça de les Glòries Catalanes' was designed by city developer Ildefons Cerdà as a meeting point of the three major avenues of his 'Eixample': Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, Diagonal and Meridiana. Rebuilt in the early 90's it's now a huge motorway oval with a park in the middle. There you can find monuments dedicated to all Catalan Glories, civic and military.

CLOT - (1951) - Old neighborhood meaning something like 'hiding place'. But it also means 'low area surrounded by hills', which could be applied here, as the first settlement was along the Rec Comtal canal. Future transfer station to L2.

NAVAS - (1953) - Street commemorating a battle against the Muslims at Navas de Tolosa in Andalusia in 1212.

SAGRERA - (1954) - The name of this neighborhood actually refers to a 'sacred area' around the parish church. The new station for the AVE, the Spanish high speed train, will be built in the area and probably connected to this station by a shuttle metro type train.

FABRA I PUIG - (1954) - Avenue named after Ferran Fabra i Puig who was an important industrial entrepreneur and even mayor of Barcelona at the beginning of the century.

SANT ANDREU - (1968) - Sant Andreu de Palomar is an historic district of Barcelona still maintaing its village-like atmosphere though surrounded by large residential areas.

TORRAS I BAGES - (1968) - Avenue dedicated to Josep Torras i Bages, clergy man and writer in the 19th century.

TRINITAT VELLA - (1983) - The 'Old Trinity' is a neighborhood built around an old chapel dedicated to the Holy Trinity.

BARÓ DE VIVER - (1983) - Neighborhood around a square named after Darius Rumeu i Freixa, the second Baron of Viver, who was an important city developer and mayor of Barcelona in the 20's.

SANTA COLOMA - (1983) - The City of Santa Coloma de Gramanet has its name, like many other villages in Catalonia, from the dove ('colom'), the symbol of peace and part of the Holy Trinity.

FONDO - (1992) - Neighborhood of Santa Coloma de Gramanet, actually suggesting 'background' or 'lower part' of that city.

L1 Fondo

Projects: There are plans to extend this line from Fondo to Badalona Centre and from Hospital de Bellvitge (Feixa Llarga) to El Prat.


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Tram

1997, 2004 © Robert Schwandl

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