|Trambaix & Trambesòs|
On 3 April 2004, tramways came back to Barcelona after the last old-style trams (except the vintage Tramvia Blau) were closed down in 1971. The current network consists of two separate systems:
This tram system links Barcelona (Plaça Francesc Macià) to several towns in the Baix Llobregat county, such as Esplugues, Cornellà, Sant Just Desvern and Sant Joan Despí. This system consists of 3 lines, which share a common stretch from Francesc Macià to Montesa in Esplugues, where T3 branches off towards Sant Just Desvern (the extension from Sant Martí de l'Erm to Consell Comarcal eventually opened on 5 Jan 2006). T1 is actually only a shortened version of T2, both lines running to Cornellà Centre (with an underground station under the Renfe tracks and next to the L5 metro station) and further on to Bon Viatge in Sant Joan Despí, terminus for T1. T2 continues from there for another 3 stops to Sant Martí de l'Erm. Total length of the Trambaix network is 14km.
The second tram system, opened in May 2004 to provide service during the 'Fòrum de les Cultures', initially ran from Plaça de les Glòries Catalanes (L1) to St. Adrià de Besòs (Renfe), being extended in July 2004 to Ciutadella-Vila Olímpica (L4). The current length of line T4 is 6.5km, with another 7km under construction along Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes to Gorg in Badalona.
Both lines are mostly on separate right-of-way with several roads crossing. Trams used are of the Citadis 302 type built by Alstom. 37 100% low-floor, bi-directional vehicles were delivered, each with a capacity of 218 (64 seated). The fully air-conditioning trainsets are 32.3 m long and 2.65 m (!) wide.
All photos © R. Schwandl (UrbanRail.Net)
Tram Barcelona (Official Site)
Tramvia.org includes everything about Barcelona's new tram lines
2004 © Robert Schwandl